Balochistan has the largest area under fruits in Pakistan as nearly one million tons of fruits are annually produced from 0.23 million hectares. In this way, Balochistan's share in country's fruit area and production is 32.6 per cent and 17.4 per cent, respectively. The production of deciduous fruits (particularly apple) in Balochistan has a special significance among other fruit growing areas. This is because the environmental conditions are relative far more suitable for the production of apple. Therefore, apple is the first largest planted fruit in Balochistan and it is second most produced fruit after dates in the province. Apple is grown in highlands of Balochistan and it covers 0.101 million hectares with a production of 0.224 million tones having retail value of about Rs6.7 billion. The Tur-Kulu (Red Delicious) and Shin-Kulu (Golden Delicious) are the famous varieties for their very attractive color and taste throughout Pakistan.
The apple contains 80 to 85% of water. Approximately 5% of protein or nitrogenous material. 10 to 15% of acids and salts. A fresh apple is rich in vitamins and is amongst the most valuable of the anti-scorbutic fruits for relieving scurvy. All apples contain a varying amount of the organic acids, malic acid and gallic acid, and an abundance of salts of both potash and soda, as well as salts of lime, magnesium and iron. Apple come in all shades of reds, greens, and yellows. Apples are fat, sodium and cholesterol free. Apple float because 25% of their volume is air. Apples have five seed pockets each with a seed. To get the full value of an apple, it should be eaten unpeeled as the valuable acids and salts of the Apple in and just below the skin.
GOLDEN DELICIOUS (APPLES)
Golden delicious is available from October to December.
TAR KULU (APPLE)
Tar Kulu is available from September to December
Amri is available from October to January